How often should anal sacs be emptied and what are some of the misconceptions about the best antibiotics to use for infection? What are anal sacs and why do they fill up? Anal sacs, sometimes mistakenly referred to as anal glands, are two small structures located between the internal and external sphincter muscles. Each sac is lined with both sebaceous and apocrine glands whose combined secretions produce a semi-oil foul smelling brown liquid. As the anal sphincter muscles expand, as defaecation occurs, pressure on the sacs leads to the expulsion of their contents over the faeces. Problems arise when this emptying process does not occur and the secretions build up in the sac, causing obvious discomfort to the dog.
Anal Sac Disease
Anal Sac Infections in Lacey, WA | Dermatology Clinic for Animals
This post may contain affiliate links. Read more here. Unfortunately lots of dogs have problems with their anal glands. Some anal gland impactions get so bad that they become abscessed and rupture, causing pain for the dog, and quite a nasty mess for their people as well as the costs associated with having the infection and abscess treated. So if anal glands are such a pain in the butt — both literally and figuratively — why do dogs have them and what can you do to help your dog if they suffer from regular anal gland problems?
Anal Gland Infection in Puppies
Anal sac disease is the most common disease entity of the anal region in dogs. Small breeds are predisposed; large or giant breeds are rarely affected. In cats, the most common form of anal sac disease is impaction. Anal sacs may become impacted, infected, abscessed, or neoplastic. Failure of the sacs to express during defecation, poor muscle tone in obese dogs, and generalized seborrhea which produces glandular hypersecretion lead to retention of sac contents.
Dogs sniff each others' tail regions when the meet as a way of "reading" each others' scent-name. When the scent-producing anal glands become infected, you'll need to take quick action to avoid serious consequences. Anal gland infection is a condition that causes painful swelling and foul-smelling discharge in puppies. An anal gland infection can affect your puppy, prompt scooting behavior, and needs veterinary attention.